A small study conducted in Japan suggests that the presence of a bacteria called Fusobacterium, commonly found in the mouth and gut, may lead to some cases of endometriosis.
During their research, scientists discovered that nearly two-thirds of the study’s participants with endometriosis were found to have Fusobacterium in their uterine lining, compared to only 1 in 10 of the healthy participants, (Nalewicki, 2023, p. 4).
To confirm the link, the researchers infected mice with the bacteria, resulting in the development of lesions associated with endometriosis. When the mice were treated with antibiotics, the lesions decreased in size and number.
Although further research is needed to distinguish the exact relationship between Fusobacterium and endometriosis, the study offers a new alternative method for treating endometriosis with antibiotics.
Currently, hormonal medications, like birth control, or surgery remain the only available treatment options for endometriosis, but clinical trials for an antibiotic treatment are in the beginning stages and could be available in the years to come.
Nalewicki, J. (2023, June 15). Endometriosis may be caused by a common gut bacteria, small study suggests. Live Science. https://www.livescience.com/health/fertility-pregnancy-birth/endometriosis-may-be-caused-by-a-common-gut-bacteria-small-study-suggests